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Hill brothers on a hay wagon

https://search.heritageburnaby.ca/permalink/museumphoto621
Repository
Burnaby Village Museum
Date
[190-] (date of original), copied 1977
Collection/Fonds
Burnaby Village Museum Photograph Collection
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 20.2 x 25.2 cm print
Scope and Content
Photograph of three boys and a dog riding on a mound of hay on a wagon. There is a man leading the horse pulling the wagon. This photograph was reproduced in Michael Sone's book, "Pioneer Tales of Burnaby," pg. 31. The caption reads: "Hill brothers and pet dog hitching ride on hay wagon on father…
  1 Image  
Repository
Burnaby Village Museum
Collection/Fonds
Burnaby Village Museum Photograph Collection
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 20.2 x 25.2 cm print
Scope and Content
Photograph of three boys and a dog riding on a mound of hay on a wagon. There is a man leading the horse pulling the wagon. This photograph was reproduced in Michael Sone's book, "Pioneer Tales of Burnaby," pg. 31. The caption reads: "Hill brothers and pet dog hitching ride on hay wagon on father's farm. Chap leading horse is probably remittance man often hired in those days." The description for photo 204-789, a cropped copy of this photo, identifies the boys as the Hill brothers Frank, Claude and Gerry and their pet dog riding on hay wagon on their father's farm.
Subjects
Animals - Dogs
Agriculture - Farms
Agriculture - Crops
Occupations - Agricultural Labourers
Transportation - Horses
Transportation - Wagons
Names
Hill, A Claude
Hill, Frank
Hill, Minard Gerald "Gerry"
Geographic Access
Burnaby - Douglas Road
Burnaby - Canada Way
Burnaby - 4990 Canada Way
Accession Code
HV977.123.27
Access Restriction
No restrictions
Reproduction Restriction
May be restricted by third party rights
Date
[190-] (date of original), copied 1977
Media Type
Photograph
Historic Neighbourhood
Burnaby Lake (Historic Neighbourhood)
Planning Study Area
Douglas-Gilpin Area
Scan Resolution
300
Scan Date
24-Aug-06
Scale
100
Photographer
unknown
Notes
Title based on contents of photograph
Images
Less detail
Repository
City of Burnaby Archives
Date
[190-] (date of original), copied 1986
Collection/Fonds
Mayor's Office fonds
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 12.7 x 17.8 cm print
Item No.
204-789
Storage Location
AV Storage
Scope and Content
Photograph of the Hill brothers Frank, Claude and Gerry and their pet dog riding on hay wagon on their father's farm.
  1 Image  
Repository
City of Burnaby Archives
Date
[190-] (date of original), copied 1986
Collection/Fonds
Mayor's Office fonds
Series
Pioneer Tales files
Description Level
Item
Item No.
204-789
Accession Number
BHS988-3
Storage Location
AV Storage
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 12.7 x 17.8 cm print
Media Type
Photograph
Access Restriction
No restrictions
Reproduction Restriction
No known restrictions
Scope and Content
Photograph of the Hill brothers Frank, Claude and Gerry and their pet dog riding on hay wagon on their father's farm.
Subjects
Animals - Dogs
Transportation - Horses
Agriculture - Crops
Agricultural Tools and Equipment
Names
Hill, A Claude
Hill, Frank
Hill, Minard Gerald "Gerry"
Notes
Title based on contents of photograph
Geographic Access
Burnaby - Douglas Road
Burnaby - Canada Way
Burnaby - 4990 Canada Way
Historic Neighbourhood
Burnaby Lake (Historic Neighbourhood)
Planning Study Area
Douglas-Gilpin Area
Images
Less detail

Mowing at Gaines' Farm, Burnaby

https://search.heritageburnaby.ca/permalink/archivephoto39548
Repository
City of Burnaby Archives
Date
[1906]
Collection/Fonds
Peers Family and Hill Family fonds
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 12 x 17 cm on page 21.5 x 28 cm (pasted in album)
Item No.
477-867
Storage Location
AV Storage
Scope and Content
Photograph of a farmer driving a team of two horses mowing hay in a field. The photograph bears the caption "Mowing at Gaines' farm" and is accompanied by a notation in the album indicating that the field was across Douglas Road from Brookfield, the home of Claude Hill. This property belonged to …
  1 Image  
Repository
City of Burnaby Archives
Date
[1906]
Collection/Fonds
Peers Family and Hill Family fonds
Series
Kitty Hill Peers Family Photographs
Description Level
Item
Item No.
477-867
Accession Number
2007-12
Storage Location
AV Storage
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 12 x 17 cm on page 21.5 x 28 cm (pasted in album)
Media Type
Photograph
Access Restriction
No restrictions
Reproduction Restriction
No known restrictions
Scope and Content
Photograph of a farmer driving a team of two horses mowing hay in a field. The photograph bears the caption "Mowing at Gaines' farm" and is accompanied by a notation in the album indicating that the field was across Douglas Road from Brookfield, the home of Claude Hill. This property belonged to Claude's brother Bernard Hill and was later known as 4990 Canada Way. The man is unidentified. In the background to the west can be seen Burnaby Lake and to the left the Pole Line Road (later Sperling Avenue) and to the right, Douglas Road and an unidentified house. This is the current location of the Kensington Avenue freeway interchange.
Photographer
Cooksley, W.T.
Subjects
Agriculture - Crops
Agricultural Tools and Equipment
Animals - Horses
Occupations - Farmers
Notes
Title based on caption accompanying photograph
Geographic Access
Burnaby - Deer Lake Avenue
Burnaby - Douglas Road
Burnaby - Canada Way
Burnaby - 4990 Canada Way
Historic Neighbourhood
Burnaby Lake (Historic Neighbourhood)
Planning Study Area
Douglas-Gilpin Area
Images
Less detail
Repository
City of Burnaby Archives
Date
[1905]
Collection/Fonds
Peers Family and Hill Family fonds
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 6 x 10.5 cm on page 14 x 17.5 cm (pasted in album)
Item No.
477-175
Storage Location
AV Storage
Scope and Content
Photograph of workers in the field picking crops on the farm belonging to F.J. Hart. The property was on the corner of Douglas Road (later Canada Way) and Sperling Avenue although the Hart House was located at 6664 Deer Lake Avenue.
  1 Image  
Repository
City of Burnaby Archives
Date
[1905]
Collection/Fonds
Peers Family and Hill Family fonds
Series
Kitty Hill Peers Family Photographs
Description Level
Item
Item No.
477-175
Accession Number
2007-12
Storage Location
AV Storage
Physical Description
1 photograph : b&w ; 6 x 10.5 cm on page 14 x 17.5 cm (pasted in album)
Media Type
Photograph
Access Restriction
No restrictions
Reproduction Restriction
No known restrictions
Scope and Content
Photograph of workers in the field picking crops on the farm belonging to F.J. Hart. The property was on the corner of Douglas Road (later Canada Way) and Sperling Avenue although the Hart House was located at 6664 Deer Lake Avenue.
Subjects
Agriculture - Crops
Occupations - Agricultural Labourers
Agriculture - Farms
Agriculture - Fruit and Berries
Notes
Title based on contents of photograph
Geographic Access
Burnaby - Douglas Road
Burnaby - Canada Way
Burnaby - Sperling Avenue
Burnaby - Deer Lake Avenue
Historic Neighbourhood
Burnaby Lake (Historic Neighbourhood)
Planning Study Area
Morley-Buckingham Area
Images
Less detail

Interview with Denise Fong by Rose Wu and Wei Yan Yeong

https://search.heritageburnaby.ca/permalink/museumvideo14276
Repository
Burnaby Village Museum
Date
2020
Collection/Fonds
Chinese Canadian History in Burnaby Research Project No. 3 fonds
Description Level
Item
Physical Description
1 mp4 video (60 min., 38 sec.) : digital, col., sd., stereo
Storage Location
Digital collection
Scope and Content
Item consists of a video recording of a Zoom interview with Denise Fong conducted by Rose Wu and Wei Yan Yeong, in the Faculty of Land and Food Systems at UBC. The interview was conducted with Denise Fong as part of the students' research for their podcast "Where is your food from?". This podcast …
  1 Video  
Repository
Burnaby Village Museum
Date
2020
Collection/Fonds
Chinese Canadian History in Burnaby Research Project No. 3 fonds
Series
Podcast Research series
Description Level
Item
Accession Code
BV020.28.2
Storage Location
Digital collection
Physical Description
1 mp4 video (60 min., 38 sec.) : digital, col., sd., stereo
Material Details
Interviewers: Rose Wu; Wei Yan Yeong Interviewee: Denise Fong Interview Date: September 2020 Total Number of tracks: 1 Total Length of all tracks: 00:60:38 Recording device: Zoom video communication platform
Media Type
Moving Images
Access Restriction
No restrictions
Reproduction Restriction
No known restrictions
Scope and Content
Item consists of a video recording of a Zoom interview with Denise Fong conducted by Rose Wu and Wei Yan Yeong, in the Faculty of Land and Food Systems at UBC. The interview was conducted with Denise Fong as part of the students' research for their podcast "Where is your food from?". This podcast was part two in a series of three "Back to the Roots" podcasts about the history of Chinese-Canadian farming in Burnaby and the lower mainland. In this series the students connected their knowledge of food systems to their shared Chinese heritage in order to discover how Chinese Canadian history is rooted in their local food systems. "Where is your food from?" explores contemporary versus historical alternative food movements and how early Chinese farmers in the lower mainland had to be creative in their business tactics in order to survive in a local food system that discriminated against their race. 00:00 - 4:51 Denise Fong introduces herself and provides a summary of the work that she has done while working as a researcher on the Chinese Canadian History Research project for the Burnaby Village Museum. Denise explains how much of her research has focused on the history of Chinese Canadian market gardeners and green grocers and their presence in Burnaby. Denise tells of how many Chinese immigrants found it hard to find work due to racial discrimination which led many Chinese men to work in agriculture and farming. Her research has shown that many of the Chinese farms were located in the Big Bend area of Burnaby. 04:52 – 08:24 In this segment, Denise elaborates on the “truck” or “market” farming industry for Chinese farmers in Burnaby. Denise explains how “truck” farming was a mode for distributing produce from Chinese farms and some of the challenges the Chinese farmers faced. 08:25 – 14:10 In this segment Denise talks about peddling as another mode to distribute farm produce and how this was often dominated by Chinese Canadians since they were restricted from accessing other jobs. Denise explains how the Chinese peddlers would have their own routes with customers who depended on them to bring the produce to them. Denise provides an example of racial discrimination whereby a Burnaby Bylaw prevented people of Chinese descent from working for the city. 14:11 – 22: 39 In this segment, Denise describes how in the 1950s and 1960s, produce distribution networks for Chinese Canadian farmers in Burnaby expanded to larger stores and wholesalers including Woodward’s, Safeway in Burnaby, MacDonald’s Consolidated and Kelly Douglas. Denise provides specific examples of Burnaby families and tells the story of Chinese Canadian Cecil Lee, a produce buyer for Kelly Douglas. In the mid 1970s Lee, was asked to oversee the import of Chinese mandarin oranges into Canada and was responsible for the design of a new cardboard box to replace the wooden crates that held the mandarin oranges. 22:40 – 33:28 In this segment, Denise provides information on Chinese farming methods and practices that she gathered through her research. Information gathered from interviews, research papers and an article in Harrowsmith magazine suggest that many of the Big Bend farms in Burnaby relied on crop rotation, companion planting and intercropping along with traditional organic fertilizers that were available. Denise also tells of how Chinese farmers often relied on traditional methods that they brought from Southern China including the creation of raised beds to avoid damage due to flooding. Wei Yan comments that many of these traditional methods are being reintroduced as a new sustainable way of farming. Research done by Wei Yan found that when chemical fertilizers were introduced informational brochures included Chinese translations. 33:29 – 38:30 In this segment Rose and Wei Yan speak to Denise about the cultural demographic of farmers in the Big Bend area of Burnaby and what types of crops were grown. Denise comments that to her knowledge there were mostly Chinese farmers in this area but there were some European farmers as well. Produce that was grown on the farms was mostly market driven by the local consumers and it wasn’t until the 1970s that there was a bigger demand to grow Chinese vegetables to supply the growing Chinese population. Denise shares personal experience of what she learned after a visit to a local farm and the different methods that the farmer used for growing crops. The three discuss the importance of innovation and adaptability in growing techniques that Chinese farmers have used. 38:31 – 46:23 In this segment, Rose and Wei Yan speak to Denise about the discrimination barriers that Chinese farmers had to face. Denise speaks about discriminatory bylaws and regulations that targeted Chinese farmers including the Peddling tax. She tells of how this tax, persecution to peddlers and restrictions resulted in the emergence of a new industry of Chinese green grocers. Denise names Chinese trade organizations that were formed in response to the social and economic segregation and marginalization that Chinese farmers and retailers faced. Denise references research done by Natalie Gibb and Hannah Wittman from their article “Parallel Alternatives: Chinese-Canadian farmers and the Metro Vancouver local food movement” as well as research by Harry Con and Edgar Wickberg. Denise also provides information that she has gathered from Chinese farmers in Burnaby including the Yip family who were able to purchase land after World War II through the Veterans Land Act and how prior to World War II it was very difficult for Chinese immigrants to purchase land. 46:24 – 1:00:38 In this segment the group discusses how Chinese farmers have adapted in the market garden farm distribution system and the introduction of retail spaces on their farms as part of the new local food movement. Denise, Rose and Wei Yan reflect on how their interview with Denise Fong and research resources will support their podcast series and exhibits at Burnaby Village Museum.
History/Biography
Interviewer biographies: Rose Wu and Wei Yan Yeong are Univeristy of British Columbia students in the Faculty of Land and Food Systems and student interns at Burnaby Village Museum. Interviewee biography: Denise Fong is a historical researcher at Burnaby Village Museum. She has degrees in Anthropology (BA) and Archaeology (MA), and is completing her doctoral degree at UBC in Interdisciplinary Studies. Her primary research interests are in Chinese Canadian history and critical heritage studies. She is the co-curator of the Burnaby Village Museum “Across the Pacific” exhibition, and the Museum of Vancouver’s “A Seat at the Table – Chinese Immigration and British Columbia”.
Notes
Title based on contents of video recording
For recording of podcast "Where is your food from?" see BV020.28.4
Subjects
Persons - Chinese Canadians
Persons - Immigrants
Social Issues - Discrimination
Social Issues - Racism
Agriculture
Agriculture - Crops
Agriculture - Farms
Gardens - Market Gardens
Foods - Produce
Names
Fong, Denise
Yeong, Wei Yan
Wu, Rose
Video Tracks
Less detail

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