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F.J. Hart Estate 'Avalon'

https://search.heritageburnaby.ca/permalink/landmark542
Repository
Burnaby Heritage Planning
Civic Address
6664 Deer Lake Avenue
Description
The F.J. Hart Estate, 'Avalon,' is comprised of 5.26 hectares of lakefront property now located within Deer Lake Park, an Arts and Crafts/Tudor Revival styled mansion and an associated later outbuilding. The mansion is now operated as the Hart House Restaurant.
Associated Dates
1912
Formal Recognition
Heritage Designation, Community Heritage Register
Other Names
Hart House, Rosedale Gardens, Frederick John & Alice Hart Estate
Street View URL
Google Maps Street View
  2 Images  
Repository
Burnaby Heritage Planning
Other Names
Hart House, Rosedale Gardens, Frederick John & Alice Hart Estate
Civic Address
6664 Deer Lake Avenue
Associated Dates
1912
Formal Recognition
Heritage Designation, Community Heritage Register
Enactment Type
Bylaw No. 9807
Enactment Date
23/11/1992
Description
The F.J. Hart Estate, 'Avalon,' is comprised of 5.26 hectares of lakefront property now located within Deer Lake Park, an Arts and Crafts/Tudor Revival styled mansion and an associated later outbuilding. The mansion is now operated as the Hart House Restaurant.
Heritage Value
'Avalon' and its estate grounds are important as an illustration of the cultural, aesthetic, and lifestyle values of the wealthy families that settled in the Deer Lake area early in the twentieth century. These values were predominantly those of elegant country living and leisure pursuits. The estate is important for its connection with wealthy land developer Frederick John Hart (1868-1945), who was not only instrumental in the creation of subdivisions which promoted Deer Lake as an exclusive residential development for successful families in the New Westminster and Vancouver area, but was also an influential member of this new suburban community and of the emerging municipality of Burnaby. Hart had a wide range of business, civic, and political interests: his real-estate company managed many of the land sales in the area and numerous other large developments throughout the region; he was an entrepreneurial businessman associated with a number of companies important to the economic development of the area and British Columbia; and he was a 'public spirited citizen' and an alderman for the City of New Westminster. The architectural style of ‘Avalon’ set the tone for many of the grand mansions in the adjacent residential development - British Arts and Crafts in derivation, with eclectic details, particularly Tudor precedents. Designed for Hart and his wife Alice Chapman Hart (1867-1935) by Burnaby architect Frank William Macey (1863-1935), the use of references to Tudor England illustrates the relevance and importance to the residents of the area of a strong and visible connection with Britain. The first resident architect in Burnaby, Macey was born and trained in England where he was well-respected for having published two standard texts for the architectural profession. He settled in Burnaby in the first decade of the twentieth century and obtained a number of commissions from prominent businessmen who were building grand homes in the new community of Deer Lake. He designed mostly in the British Arts and Crafts style and introduced the use of rough-cast stucco for building exteriors, a characteristic for which he was renowned, and of which ‘Avalon’ is an excellent example.
Defining Elements
Key elements that define the heritage character of 'Avalon' include its: - estate in its entirety: house, grounds, landscape features and garage outbuilding - complex asymmetrical massing - side gable roof punctuated with massive cross gables at the front and rear and open gable ends - exterior features of the house such as the rough-cast stucco with mock-Tudor timbering; cobble-stone facings; square tower with mock battlements - multiple-assemblies of wooden-sash casement windows - tall, prominent corbelled brick chimneys - grand interior spaces and fittings: particularly the entrance hall with its carved stone fireplace; the main staircase; panelled wainscotting; Tudor-arched windows; and fireplaces with original tile surrounds
Locality
Deer Lake Park
Historic Neighbourhood
Burnaby Lake (Historic Neighbourhood)
Planning Study Area
Morley-Buckingham Area
Person
Frederick John Hart (Owner)
Alice Hart (Owner)
Architect
Frank William Macey
Function
Primary Current--Eating or Drinking Establishment
Primary Historic--Estate
Community
Burnaby
Cadastral Identifier
P.I.D. No. 002-764-431 Legal Description: Lot 6 Except: Firstly: Part on Reference Plan 14874 and Secondly: Part subdivided by Plan 77594, District Lot 85, Group 1, New Westminster District, Plan 11109
Boundaries
'Avalon' is comprised of a single municipally-owned property located at 6664 Deer Lake Avenue, Burnaby.
Area
18,792.29
Contributing Resource
Building
Landscape Feature
Ownership
Public (local)
Other Collection
Burnaby Village Museum, Collection: Hart Photograph Albums
Documentation
Heritage Site Files: PC77000 20. City of Burnaby Planning and Building Department, 4949 Canada Way, Burnaby, B.C., V5G 1M2
Geographic Access
Burnaby - 6664 Deer Lake Avenue
Street View URL
Google Maps Street View
Images
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